Technologies over these years have made a significant impact on the medical field. Medical technologies such as smart inhalers, wireless brain sensors, 3-D printing, artificial organs, health wearables, virtual reality, telehealth, precision medicines and robotic surgeries have saved many lives.
Talking about robotic surgery, they are done with the help of robots. This method is used to perform complicated surgeries through tiny incisions. A surgeon will control the robot and he/she will guide it to complete surgical procedure. The robots come with surgical instruments fit to it arms and are also equipped with high definition 3-D cameras.
Advantages of Robotic Surgeries
High Surgical Accuracy
Surgeries require high degree of accuracy, whether it is orthopedic operations or neurological procedures. One tiny slip can injure or cause death to the patient. Doctors may have years of experience, but their hands may shake or they may even experience strain. Robots on the other hand accurately complete medical procedures without any complication.
Reduced Surgeon Fatigue
Surgeries usually take multiple hours to complete. Doctors may be standing on their feet for the whole operation. Operation is an exhausting process which may cause fatigue in doctors. Robots ease the job as they can sit and perform the operation comfortably.
Robots used for surgeries have small arms when compared to human arms. Tiny incisions are possible with the help of these small arms. Small incisions cause less pain and this lead to quick recovery.
Disadvantages of Robotic Surgeries
Robotic surgery involves installing robots. These robots cost a lot and require costly maintenance. In addition to maintenance cost, they also require additional training cost. These make robotic surgeries costly.
This is one major disadvantage of robotic surgery. Robots may not quickly respond to an emergency situation as robots take few moments to process surgeons command.
Types of Robotic Surgery
Robotic Gynecologic Surgery
In women, robotic gynecologic surgery is used to perform open surgery or laparoscopic procedures. Large incisions were usually made on stomach to access uterus and surrounding anatomy. This lead to physical trauma, pain and long recovery period. Gynecological procedures have changed a lot. Now smaller incisions are made to conduct gynecologic surgery. This results in reduced blood loss, low post-operative pain and faster recovery.
Robotic Gallbladder Surgery
This surgery is performed by using an incision on the navel part of the body. As this surgery uses only one small incision, patients experience less blood loss, less trauma and results in faster recovery.