The first two decades in the 21st century saw great advancement of technology in medical field. Today there is so many new technology in medicine that makes the diagnosis and the treatment of a disease much easier. One such revolutionary technology in healthcare is artificial intelligence.
Many experts are saying that AI is the future of healthcare. In this article, we will take a brief look at the important benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence in the medical sector.
Pros Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare
Improve Healthcare Availability
According to WHO, there is an 18.1 year gap in life expectancy between the poor and rich countries. The main reason for this is the uneven access to better healthcare. Many countries in the world are far behind in the progress of medical technology. Millions of people living in remote rural areas die due to the lack of availability of medical care in time. With the introduction of artificial intelligence, effective healthcare system can be developed in those rural areas. It can help the patient to comprehend the illness and receive the treatment immediately.
Save Valuable Time And Money
One of the biggest advantages of artificial intelligence in the healthcare system is that it can save time and money. It helps to diagnose the diseases faster and ease the efforts of examining. AI algorithms automate the manual work in identifying the disease and disorders in a patient quickly and thereby save valuable time that can cost a person’s life. Artificial intelligence also helps to reduce the cost of a medical checkup. With AI algorithms, you can say goodbye to expensive lab testing.
Early Diagnosing Of Diseases
Artificial intelligence collects people’s data and analyzes their current and previous health problems. This analysis of the medical history of a person helps a physician to diagnose a disease early and accurately. The database of a health app contains millions of symptoms, causes and diagnoes. These allow them to accurately predict the health problems that a person might have in the future. Many tech companies developed health apps that can predict the health problems of a person accurately and allow health experts to plan treatment accordingly.
Assist In Surgery
Artificial intelligence has great potential in surgery. The artificial intelligence surgical system can perform even the tiniest and complex surgeries more accurately. With the help of artificial intelligence, doctors can perform surgeries with minimal blood loss, pain, and low risk of failure. Such surgical procedures allow patients to recover more quickly. Today, there is a great advancement in the business of surgical robots. It is estimated that by 2025, the market value will rise to $24billion.
|Early diagnosis of diseases||Risk of unemployment|
|Save time and money||Lacks personal involvement|
|Assist surgeries||Possible defective diagnosis|
|Increase availability||Social prejudices|
Cons Of Artificial Intelligence In Healthcare
Risk Of Unemployment
Technologies are made for the betterment of humankind. But sometimes technologies can make human life miserable. Many people will lose their job if companies decide to introduce artificial intelligence for doing the work of a human. In the healthcare sector also artificial intelligence can cause unemployment. Artificial intelligence can provide mental health help, diagnose diseases, predict cardiac arrest, seizures, etc. All these were usually done by humans who had professional experiences. With the introduction of artificial intelligence, there is a high risk of people losing their job.
Cannot Always Trust Technology
Yes, technologies are for making human work more effective and accurate. But we cannot always trust technology. There is also a possibility for defects. In the case of healthcare, artificial intelligence analyzes the various data collected from millions of people to accurately diagnose disease. If there is a lack of information about a person or a symptom, artificial intelligence may provide an inaccurate diagnosis for the disease. This may result in the doctor giving wrong treatment for the patient that could put the life of the patient at risk.
Lack Of Personal Involvement
Even though surgical robots are very accurate and logical in doing their duties, they are not programmed to show sympathy towards the patients. It is one of the biggest disadvantages of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence lacks the ability to create a bond with the patient. For some people, interaction is very important for building trust. Only a doctor can create trust, which is important for the success of the treatment. Robots are constrained by the programming to go beyond the rules to save a person’s life.
Do Not Understand Human Nature
Another major drawback of artificial intelligence is that it cannot fully understand the nature of humans. It also has difficulty in understanding the social background of a person and it makes artificial intelligence biased against the patients. This may result in AI algorithms predicting and diagnosing disease, and recommending a treatment method the patient cannot afford. The high cost of the treatment discourages the patients with low income to proceed with the treatment. Only a doctor can recommend a treatment that suits the financial status of the patient.